Problems with Non-Naturalistic Theories of Science

  • Eric Holloway


Non-naturalistic theories of science are often criticized.  The critics usually do not criticize the theory itself, but either misrepresent it or criticize the implications they consider wrong.  What these theories need is internal criticism.  A well-known and well-defined non-naturalistic theory is Intelligent Design (ID).  There are currently no criticisms of ID theory from ID proponents.  However, there are numerous legitimate issues with the theory such as difficulty in testing the theory  and the theory requires fundamental revisions in our view of reality. It is important that these problems are explored in order to improve the usefulness of the theory.  The criticisms will focus on ID, but similar criticisms apply to all non-naturalistic theories.